2
Home About us MoEF Contact us Sitemap Tamil Website  
About Envis
Whats New
Microorganisms
Research on Microbes
Database
Bibliography
Publications
Library
E-Resources
Microbiology Experts
Events
Online Submission
Access Statistics

Site Visitors

blog tracking


 
International Journal of Developmental Research and Engineering
Vol. 2 (2), 2015, Pages: 1-21

IMPACT OF PESTICIDES USE IN AGRICULTURE

Bhargava Vinita and Singh Veena (Sahni)

Govt. K.R.G. P.G. (Auto.) College,Gwalior (M.P.).

Abstract

To develop pest- control technologies are the need of the day and challenging tasks for developing countries improve agricultural productivity in a sustainable manner. Of the total world’s food production, one third was destroying annually by more 20,000 species of pests in the field and during storage. Globally, crop production was increased by success implementation of pesticides in pest control program. Modern pesticides are sophisticated compounds which are very carefully researched to ensure they are effective against target organisms, are safe to the environment and can be used without undue hazards to the operator or consumers. Modern chemicals are much safer, more specific and friendlier to the environment than the older products they have replaced. Any pesticides must be registered with federal government authorities before sale. Data provided includes the fates and effects of the chemicals. All tests are conducted to international standards. With these level of control we can confident that commercial farm chemical are effective and can be used with minimum adverse effects, and our food is free of undesirable residue provided the chemical are applied correctly and the directions on the label are adhered to. Besides chemical pesticides, an alternative way of pest- control is biological pesticides. Biological pest control involves the use of other living organisms to kill a pest. No chemicals are needed, there is no environmental contamination with pesticides but biological pest control often takes longer to work than chemical pest control. Bio-pesticides are of three types: microbial pesticides, plantincorporated protectants (PIPs) and biochemical pesticides. Pesticides must be used as part of a planned systematic pest management program utilizing as many control techniques as applicable. This is called Integrated Pest Management (IPM). By correct, safe and accurate use of these products, better pest control will results, adverse effects will be minimized and farming will be more profitable. This paper explores and analyses the many benefits of using pesticides, in order to inform a more balanced view.

Keywords: Pesticides, Bio-pesticides, PIPs, IPM, OPCs, Horticulture, Control pests, Food supplies, World population.

 
 
Copyright © 2005 ENVIS Centre ! All rights reserved
This site is optimized for 1024 x 768 screen resolution