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Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Volume 172, 2021, 104769

Biogenetic cantharidin is a promising leading compound to manage insecticide resistance of Mythimna separata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

Yifan Lia,1, Hong Suna,1, Hassan Yasooba,b, Zhen Tianc, Yue Lia, Ruichi Lia, Shengli Zhengd, Jiyuan Liua, Yalin Zhanga

Key Laboratory of Plant Protection Resources & Pest Management of the Ministry of Education, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China.


Cantharidin (CTD) is a natural toxin with effective toxicity to lepidopteran pests. Nevertheless, little information is available on whether pests develop resistance to CTD. After being exposed to CTD (50 mg/L to 90 mg/L) or 10 generations, the resistance ratio of laboratory selected cantharidin-resistant Mythimna separata (Cantharidin-SEL) strain was only elevated 1.95-fold. Meanwhile, the developmental time for M. separata was prolonged (delayed1.65 in males and 1.84 days in females). The reported CTD target, the serine/threonine phosphatases (PSPs), have not been shown significant activity variation during the whole process of CTD-treatment. The activity of detoxification enzymes (cytochrome monooxygenase P450, glutathione-S-transferase (GST) and carboxylesterase) were affected by CTD selection, but this change was not mathematically significant. More importantly, no obvious cross-resistance with other commonly used insecticides was observed in the M. separata population treated with CTD for 10 generations (resistance ratios were all lower 2.5). Overall, M. separata is unlikely to produce target-site insensitivity resistance, metabolic resistance to CTD. Meanwhile, cantharidin-SEL is not prone to develop cross-resistance with other insecticides. These results indicate that CTD is a promising biogenetic lead compound which can be applied in the resistance management on M. separata.

Keywords: Cantharidin, Mythimna separata, Insect resistance, Toxicity, Target-resistance, Metabolic-resistance.

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