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Biological Control
Volume 167, 2022, 104838

Bacillus toyonensis biovar Thuringiensis: A novel entomopathogen with insecticidal activity against lepidopteran and coleopteran pests

Ritusmita Goswamia, Ritu Thakurb

Centre for Ecology, Environment and Sustainable Development, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Guwahati, Assam, India.


Biomass/sludge valorization is a vital issue that needs to be prioritized not only to reduce the global dependency on fossil fuels but also meeting each country's commitment toward targeted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and climate goals. It is estimated that daily production of sludge, on a global scale, varies from 35 to 85 g dry matter per capita per day. Biorefinery is a meticulously designed approach whereby a wide variety of waste materials are used in an integral tactic so as to obtain value-added produces along with energy vectors. This chapter has focused on providing information on waste valorization more particularly sludge as a potential resource from biorefinery prospect integrating environmental and social sustainability issues. A detailed discussion on biorefineries has been made considering the environmental sustainability, economic feasibility, social aspects, life cycle assessment of biorefineries followed by policy implications related to biorefinery approach.

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