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Environmental Pollution
Volume 297, 2022, 118795

Impact of hexachlorocyclohexane addition on the composition and potential functions of the bacterial community in red and purple paddy soil?

Jian Wanga, Kaidi Tanga, Xiaojie Hua

Institute of Organic Contaminant Control and Soil Remediation, College of Resource and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, PR China.

Abstract

Soil studies have reported the effect of Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) on soil microbial communities. However, how soil microbial communities and function shift after HCH addition into the red and purple soil remains unclear. Here, we analyzed the HCH residue fate, and the functional composition and structure of microbial communities to HCH in the two soils. Under the 100 g/ha and 1000 g/ha treatment, the dissipation rate of HCH was 0.0386 and 0.0273 in the purple soil, 0.0145 and 0.0195 in the red soil. The enrichment of HCH degrading genes leads to a higher HCH dissipation rate in the purple soil. PCoA results demonstrated that HCH addition has a different effect on the community diversity in the two soils, and Proteobacteria and Acidobacteria were the major phyla in the two soils. The soil microbiome average variation degree values of red soil were higher than purple soil, which indicated that the soil microbiome in the purple soil was more stable than in the red soil under HCH addition. PICRUSt2 results indicated that functional genes involved in the carbon, nitrogen biogeochemical cycles and HCH degradation were more tolerant to HCH addition in the purple soil. This study provides new insights into understanding of the effect of HCH addition on soil microbial communities and function in the red and purple paddy soil.

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