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Journal of Basic Microbiology
Vol. 55 (4), 2015; Pages: 500–503

Biocontrol of Salmonella Enteritidis in spiked chicken cuts by lytic bacteriophages FSP-1 and FSP-3

Jeena Augustine and Sarita G. Bhat

Department of Biotechnology, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Cochin,, Kerala, India.

Abstract

The ability of host specific bacteriophages ΦSP-1 and ΦSP-3 to lyse Salmonella in artificially contaminated cuts of pressure cooked chicken meat was evaluated at different temperatures −4°C, room temperature (28±0.5°C) and 37°C applying low and high multiplicity of infection (MOI). Bacteriophages were able to significantly reduce the bacterial counts at all the temperatures studied. At 4°C, individual application of Φ SP-1and Φ SP-3 resulted in significant drop in bacterial counts (log10 2.46 and 2.1CFU/ml, respectively) at high MOI and (log10 0.98 and 0.52CFU/ml, respectively) at low MOI, when compared to the untreated control on day 3. Similarly at room temperature the drop was log10 3.99 and 3.46CFU/ml at high MOI and log10 2.51 and 2.3CFU/ml at low MOI. At 37°C the drop was log10 1.98 and 2.38 at high MOI and at low MOI it was log101.52 and 1.98CFU/ml. Increased efficiency was observed when phages where applied as cocktail at high MOI as the bacterial counts at the end of day 3 dropped by log10 3.52CFU/ml at 37°C and to beyond detectable level at 4°C and room temperature. The average reduction of bacterial load in the same group was −4°C (79%), room temperature (92%) and 37°C (78%).

Keywords: Biocontrol agents; Bacteriophage treatment; Salmonella ; Chicken meat.

 
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