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Journal of Dairy Science
Volume 104 (3), 2021, Pages 2480-2498

Use of Lactobacillus paracasei isolated from whey for silver nanocomposite synthesis: Antiradical and antimicrobial properties against selected pathogens

Railean-PlugaruViorica1, Pomastowski Pawel1, BuszewskiBoguslaw1,2

Centre for Modern Interdisciplinary Technologies, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Wileńska 4, 87-100 Toruń, Poland.


The present research emphasizes the use of safe, inexpensive, and available whey using Lactobacillus paracasei as a source in silver nanocomposite synthesis as an alternative bioactive agent for dairy and biomedical applications. Through the multiinstrumental approach used in this study based on spectroscopic and microscopic methods as well as spectrometric techniques, the characterization and evaluation of silver composites and their antimicrobial and antiradical properties were enabled. Synthesized silver nanocomposites have been found in form of nanocrystals, naturally coated by an organic surface with high antimicrobial and antiradical properties. Furthermore, this work also presents an innovative approach regarding the organic surface (naturally secreted by the bacteria isolated from whey) of the core of nanoparticles, which has already been explored and therefore is starting to supplement the scientific approach concerning biologically synthesized nanoparticles. This work also presents a general frame on the resistance subject by performing the trial interaction of commercially available antibiotics (kanamycin and ampicillin) with new bioactive compounds that can create novel knowledge on complementing their action. Moreover, synthesized silver nanocomposites have shown great antioxidant and antimicrobial effects against various foodborne pathogens from dairy products and drug resistance pathogens found in the medical area to rank on the top of mortality rate.

Keywords: Lactobacillus paracasei, silver composites, organic surface, antibacterial activity, biosynthesis.

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