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Environmental Research
Volume 208, 2022, 112687

Microwave assisted hydrothermally synthesized cobalt doped zinc ferrites nanoparticles for the degradation of organic dyes and antimicrobial applications

J.F. Joe Sherina, T.C. Bessyb, S. Ashaa, C. Vijaya Kumara

Department of Physics, St. Jude's College, Thoothoor, Affiliated to Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Abishekapatti Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India.

Abstract

A novel photocatalyst based cobalt doped zinc ferrites nanoparticles (Co–ZnFe2O4 NPs) was prepared to actively concentrate degradation of organic dyes in water. The aim this study is to investigate the effect of substitution of Co2+ for Zn2+ in zinc ferrites nanoparticles and is characterized with UV–visible spectroscopy, XRD, TEM, SEM, Photoluminescence and Vibrating sample magnetometer technique. When the calcinations temperature increases from 150 °C to 450 °C the amorphous ferrites begins to vanish and the characteristic reflections of cubic spinal Co–ZnFe2O4 phase are only observed at 450 °C. The band gap energy (Eg) of sample calcined at 250 °C is calculated at 5.2 eV and that of 450 °C is 4.5 eV. The observed value of band gap energy decreased with increasing calcinations temperature in the samples. The increase in PL peak intensity is due to collective emissions and light-scattering. The doping material, cobalt substitution at spinel zinc ferrites surface, and hence gradually decrease the amorphous effect, increase the saturation magnetization and decrease the coercivity while increasing the temperature. The compounds calcined at 250 °C and 450 °C were investigated for their in vitro antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. A sample with 450 °C calcination temperature leads to higher efficiencies in the inhibition of growth of bacteria and degradation of organic dyes. Hence, this study provides a novel photocatalyst of Co–ZnFe2O4 NPs in the tile to degrade and analyze the environmentally ignored organic compounds.

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