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Vol. 72, No. 6, 2006; Pages: 3975–3983

Succession of Bacterial Communities during Early Plant Development: Transition from Seed to Root and Effect of Compost Amendment

Stefan J. Green,1,2† Ehud Inbar,1,2 Frederick C. Michel, Jr.,3 Yitzhak Hadar,1 and Dror Minz2*

Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agriculture Research Organization, The
Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet-Dagan 50-250, Israel.


Compost amendments to soils and potting mixes are routinely applied to improve soil fertility and plant growth and health. These amendments, which contain high levels of organic matter and microbial cells, can influence microbial communities associated with plants grown in such soils. The purpose of this study was to follow the bacterial community compositions of seed and subsequent root surfaces in the presence and absence of compost in the potting mix. The bacterial community compositions of potting mixes, seed, and root surfaces sampled at three stages of plant growth were analyzed via general and newly developed Bacteroidetes-specific, PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis methodologies. These analyses revealed that seed surfaces were colonized primarily by populations detected in the initial potting mixes, many of which were not detected in subsequent root analyses. The most persistent bacterial populations detected in this study belonged to the genus Chryseobacterium (Bacteroidetes) and the family Oxalobacteraceae (Betaproteobacteria). The patterns of colonization by populations within these taxa differed significantly and may reflect differences in the physiology of these organisms. Overall, analyses of bacterial community composition revealed a surprising prevalence and diversity of Bacteroidetes in all treatments.

Keywords:microbialcells;Bacteroidetes;physiology;microorganisms;DGGE;electrophoresis methodologies;Chryseobacterium;Oxalobacteraceae;taxonomy.

Corresponding author: Tel 972-3- 968-3316; Fax 972-3-960-4017

E-mail: minz@volcani.agri.gov.il


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