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Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences
Vol. xx, No. xx, 2014; Pages: xx-xx


Recent Concepts in Fungal Taxonomy: A Review

Abhishek Katoch, Pooja Kapoor

Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, CSK HPKV, Palampur- 176062, India.

Abstract

Kingdom Fungi, which has been estimated at around 1.5 million species, with about 5% of these having been formally classified. Species identification based on conventional phenotypic methods is often time-consuming and laborious and is hindered by the unstable and subjective nature of phenotypic characteristics, which are readily influenced by culture conditions. Such phenotypic approaches has a clear limitation on fungi that do not grow in culture.  Molecular systematics involving the use of genes to gain taxonomic status of organisms and their evolutionary relationships have influenced   inducting significant changes in the traditional concepts of systematics.   Techniques such as  RFLP, RAPD, rDNA analysis, SSR and ISSR are are now gaining importance in fungal systematics and related  studies. These techniques are much faster, more specific and more accurate. These developments have provided new information that has caused the biological-species concept to come under criticism in favor of the phylogenetic-species concept   and have helped reshaping the classification of Kingdom Fungi.

Keywords:

 
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