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Biochemical Systematics and Ecology
Vol. 69, 2016, Pages: 176–187

Genetic relatedness and taxonomy in closely related species of Hedysarum (Fabaceae)

Natalia S. Zvyaginaa, Olga V. Doroginaa, Pilar Catalan

Central Siberian Botanical Garden of the Siberian Brunch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Zolotodolinskaya st. 101, 630090, Novosibirsk, Russia.

Abstract

A multidisciplinary study, engaging morphological, carpological and molecular data, has been performed to investigate the genetic relatedness and taxonomic boundaries of the close species Hedysarum gmeliniiH. setigerum and H. chaiyrakanicum (Fabaceae) with overlapped distribution areas in southern Siberia. The diagnostic features of these legume species are analyzed and discussed, including their macro- and micromorphological characteristics, seed coat ornamentation and inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) profiles. The morphometric features, pod and seed microsculpture traits of H. chaiyrakanicum and the ISSR patterns of the three species have been determined for the first time. Sprout, leaf, calyx, corolla, and stem rachis measurements, leaflet indumentum type and ISSR patterns significantly discriminate H. chaiyrakanicum from the other two species, whereas plant height, lengths of stem and leaf, and length and width of leaflet show opposite ranges of variation for H. gmelinii and H. setigerum though none of them is reliable in species identification. Ornamentation of seed coat and ISSR patterns does not differ significantly in the species. Therefore, our study supports the separate taxonomic treatment of H. chaiyrakanicum and the subordination of the cryptic species H. setigerum within H. gmelinii.

Keywords: Hedysarum gmelinii complex; Genetic relationships; ISSR markers; Morphology; Seed coat pattern; Molecular taxonomy.

 
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