Jae Bok Lee, Yun Kyun Lee, Gi Dae Choi, Sang Wook Na, Tae Sung Park, Woo Nyon Kim
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Korea University, Anam-dong, Seoul 136-713, Republic of Korea.
Mechanical, morphological and rheological properties of polycarbonate (PC) and poly (lactic acid) (PLA) blends with compatibilizers have been investigated. Three types of compatibilizers were used: poly (styrene-g-acrylonitrile)-maleic anhydride (SAN-g-MAH), poly(ethylene-co-octene) rubber-maleic anhydride (EOR-MAH) and poly(ethylene-co-glycidyl methacrylate) (EGMA). The maximum value of the mechanical properties such as impact and tensile strengths of the PC/PLA (70/30, wt%) blend before or after hydrolysis was observed when the SAN-g-MAH was used as a compatibilizer at the amount of 5 phr. From the interfacial tension between PC and PLA which was determined from the weighted relaxation spectra using Palierne emulsion model, minimum value of interfacial tension (0.08 mN/m) was observed when the SAN-g-MAH (5 phr) was used. From the morphological studies of the PC/PLA (70/30) blends, the PLA droplet size showed minimum (0.19 µm) at the 5.0 phr SAN-g-MAH. From the results of mechanical, morphological and rheological properties of the PC/PLA (70/30) blend, it is suggested that the SAN-g-MAH is the most effective compatibilizer to improve the mechanical strength of the PC/PLA (70/30) blends among the compatibilizers used in this study, especially at the amount of 5 phr.