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Int J Microbiol.
May 13, 2012.[Article in press]

When ribonucleases come into play in pathogens: a survey of gram-positive bacteria.

Jester BC, Romby P, Lioliou E.

Architecture et réactivité de l'ARN, UPR 9002 CNRS, IBMC, Université de Strasbourg, 15 rue René Descartes, 67084 Strasbourg, France.

Abstract

It is widely acknowledged that RNA stability plays critical roles in bacterial adaptation and survival in different environments like those encountered when bacteria infect a host. Bacterial ribonucleases acting alone or in concert with regulatory RNAs or RNA binding proteins are the mediators of the regulatory outcome on RNA stability. We will give a current update of what is known about ribonucleases in the model Gram-positive organism Bacillus subtilis and will describe their established roles in virulence in several Gram-positive pathogenic bacteria that are imposing major health concerns worldwide. Implications on bacterial evolution through stabilization/transfer of genetic material (phage or plasmid DNA) as a result of ribonucleases' functions will be covered. The role of ribonucleases in emergence of antibiotic resistance and new concepts in drug design will additionally be discussed.

 

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