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Food Hygiene and Applied Food Microbiology in an Anthropological Cross Cultural Perspective
2016, Pages: 49-51

The Global Microbial Environments

Aleardo Zaccheo, Eleonora Palmaccio, Morgan Venable, Isabella Locarnini-Sciaroni, Salvatore Parisi

bioethica food safety engineering sagl., Lugano-Pregassona, Switzerland.

Abstract

Environment is microscopic and global in scale. The roles of “microbes on climate go back billions of years” with nitrogen fixation and photosynthesis. Microbial communities shifted Earth to an “oxygenated atmosphere,” and some organisms living on Earth for a billion years could “no longer survive on the Earth’s surface.” Before an industrial mean to fix nitrogen was discovered a century ago, all nitrogen except of “a limited amount of atmospheric nitrogen fixed by lightning” relied “on microbes to convert nitrogen into usable form” for all living beings. Humans are causing similar global effects in 100 years. Extreme weather patterns and logical consequences on “climate-sensitive diseases and parasites” in water and food contexts seem to be “mounting all over the world.”

Keywords: Niches, Habitat, Nitrogen fixation, Photosynthesis, Feedback, El Niņo, La Niņa, Endemic Surface, and groundwater, Estuaries, Extreme weather Outbreaks.

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