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International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
2016

Settling and survival profile of enteric pathogens in the swine effluent for water reuse purpose

G. Fongaro, A. Kunz, M.E. Magri, C.D. Schissi, A. Viancelli, L.S. Philippi, C.R.M. Barardi

Laboratório de Virologia Aplicada, Departamento de Microbiologia, Imunologia e Parasitologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis/SC, Brazil.

Abstract

The present study evaluated the pathogens persistence and settling profile in swine effluent. We determined the enteric pathogens settling characteristics, their survival and inactivation profile in swine effluent (for water reuse purpose) and in sludge (generated after aerobic treatment − during secondary settling process). The study was performed in laboratorial-scale and in full-scale (manure treatment plant). Enteric viruses and enteric bacteria were used as biomarkers. Results showed that these enteric pathogens were significantly reduced from swine effluent during secondary settling process, and enteric viruses removal was correlated with the suspended solids decantation. The design of secondary settlers can be adapted to improve pathogens removal, by diminishing the solids loading rate per area and time, ending in higher hydraulic retention times.

Keywords: Swine wastewater; Pathogens settling; Pathogens inactivation; Reuse.

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