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Food Microbiology
Vol. 70, 2018, Pages: 85-93

Seafood pathogens and information on antimicrobial resistance: A review

Guido Rocchigiani, Valentina Virginia Ebani, Simona Nardoni, Fabrizio Bertelloni, Alice Bascherini, Alessandro Leoni, Francesca Mancianti, Alessandro Poli

Department of Veterinary Science, University of Pisa, viale delle Piagge 2, 56124 Pisa, Italy.

Abstract

Data about the spreading of arthropod-borne pathogens among hare populations are very scant, so the aim of the present preliminary study was to investigate, through molecular analysis, the occurrence of Anaplasma phagocytophilumBartonella sp., Borrelia burgdorferisensu lato, Coxiella burnetiiFrancisella tularensis, Leishmania spp. and piroplasms DNA in blood of 51 wild hares (Lepus europaeus) living in protected areas in Tuscany. All hares resulted negative for AphagocytophilumBartonella sp., Bburgdorferi s.l., Cburnetii and Ftularensis. Five animals (9.8%) were positive for Leishmania and one hare (1.9%) tested positive for piroplasms. Sequencing of this sample showed a piroplasm similar to one Babesia isolate from the same animal species in Turkey. Therefore, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first molecular report of piroplasms occurring in wild hares from Italy, and the second worldwide.

The examined hares appeared to be in good health status, corroborating the hypothesis of a chronic carrier state of some vector borne agents for this animal species.

Keywords: Hares, Arthropod-borne pathogens, Babesia sp., Leishmania sp..

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