Mediatorless Immunoassay with Voltage-Controlled Intrinsic Amplification for Ultrasensitive and Rapid Detection of Microorganism Pathogens
Jiapeng Wang, Prof. Yan Xu and Prof. Siu-Tung Yau
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH 44115 (USA).
A mediator-less immunodetection method for microorganisms is realized by incorporating the newly developed field-effect enzymatic detection (FEED) technique with the conventional electrochemical immunosensing approach. The gating voltage of FEED facilitates the transduction of electrical signal through the bulky immune complex so that the detection does not rely on the use of mediators or other diffusional substances. The voltage-controlled intrinsic amplification provided by the detection system allows detection in low-concentration samples without target pre-enrichment, leading to ultrasensitive and rapid detection. The detection approach is demonstrated with E. coli O157:H7, a model microorganism, in milk with an estimated detection limit of 20CFUmL-1(where CFU is a colony-forming unit) without performing sample pre-enrichment and centrifugation of sample followed by the resuspension of the pellet in a buffer solution, resulting in a significantly shortened assay time of 67min. Optimizing the gating voltage resulted in the detection of 12CFUmL-1 of the bacterium in milk. The novel detection approach can be used as a detection platform for ultrasensitive, specific and rapid detection of microorganism pathogens.