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Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Volume 119, 2021, Pages 51-59

Interleukin 1 receptor type I (IL-1RI) is involved in the innate immune response of olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) to resist pathogens

Xueshu Zhanga,b,1, SongXua,b,1, Weiqun Lua,b,c

National Demonstration Center for Experimental Fisheries Science Education, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, 201306, China.

Abstract

The pleiotropic cytokine IL -1 is involved in important immune responses such as thymocyte proliferation and B cell growth and differentiation. Activation of the IL -1 pathway requires its functional receptor IL -1RI, making IL -1RI the critical point of the IL -1 pathway. In-depth study of IL -1RI will help to understand the immune mechanism involved in IL -1. In this study, we identified the cDNA of the IL -1RI gene of olive flounder (PoIL-1RI). The total length of the PoIL-1RI cDNA is 2490 bp, the open reading frame is 1689 bp long and encodes a protein of 562 amino acids. The protein has three Ig domains and a typical TIR domain, as in other mammals and fish. We found that PoIL-1RI is widely expressed in the tissues studied and shows a significant immune response after stimulation with bacteria and pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) both in vitro and in vivo. After PoIL-1RI was overexpressed in olive flounder embryonic cell line (FEC), pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL -1β, IL -6, IL -8, TNF-α) and interferon (IFN-α, IFN-γ) were significantly upregulated. And we found that after overexpressing PoIL-1RI in FEC, the antibacterial ability of FEC was significantly stronger than that of the control group, and we found that overexpression of PoIL-1RI gene significantly increased the activity of NF-κB signaling pathway. These results suggest that PoIL-1RI plays an important role in innate immune response.

Keywords: Paralichthys olivaceus, Innate immunity, Interleukin 1 receptor type I, Immune response, Resisting pathogens.

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