Effect of inorganic and organic ligands on the sorption/desorption of arsenate on/from Al-Mg and Fe-Mg layered double hydroxides
Caporale AG, Pigna M, Dynes JJ, Cozzolino V, Zhu J, Violante A
Department of Soil, Plant, Environment and Animal Production Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Portici (Napoli), University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.
This paper describes the sorption of arsenate on Al-Mg and Fe-Mg layered double hydroxides as affected by pH and varying concentrations of inorganic and organic ligands, and the effect of residence time on the desorption of arsenate by ligands. The capacity of ligands to inhibit the fixation of arsenate followed the sequence: nitrate<nitrite<sulphate<selenite<tartrate<oxalate≪phosphate on Al-Mg-LDH and nitrate<sulphate≈nitrite<tartrate<oxalate<selenite≪phosphate on Fe-Mg-LDH. The inhibition of arsenate sorption increased by increasing the initial ligand concentration and was greater on Al-Mg-LDH than on Fe-Mg-LDH. The longer the arsenate residence time on the LDH surfaces the less effective the competing ligands were in desorbing arsenate from sorbents. A greater percentage of arsenate was removed by phosphate from Al-Mg-LDH than from Fe-Mg-LDH, due to the higher affinity of arsenate for iron than aluminum.
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