Prolonged antibiotic use induces intestinal injury in mice that is repaired after removing antibiotic pressure: implications for empiric antibiotic therapy
Lindsey E. Romick-Rosendale, Anne Legomarcino, Neil B. Patel, Ardythe L. Morrow, Michael A. Kennedy
Division of Hematology/Oncology, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH, 45229, USA.
Metabolic profiling of urine and fecal extracts, histological investigation of intestinal ilea, and fecal metagenomics analyses were used to investigate effects of prolonged antibiotic use in mice. The study provides insight into the effects of extended empiric antibiotic therapy in humans. Mice were administered a broad-spectrum antibiotic for four consecutive days followed by oral gavage with Clostridium butyricum,
an opportunistic gram-positive pathogenic bacteria commonly isolated in fecal and blood cultures of necrotizing enterocolitis patients. Metagenomics data indicated loss of bacterial diversity after 4 days on antibiotics that was restored after removing antibiotic pressure. Histological analyses indicated damage to ileal villi after antibiotic treatment that underwent repair after lifting antibiotic pressure. Metabolic profiling confirmed intestinal injury in antibiotic-treated mice indicated by increased urinary trans-4-hydroxy-l-proline, a breakdown product of collagen present in connective tissue of ileal villi that may serve as a biomarker for antibiotic-induced injury in at risk populations
Keywoards: Antibiotic; Metabolomics; Mouse model; Necrotizing enterocolitis; NMR; PCA.