Microbial Enzymes: Tools for Biotechnological Processes
Jose L. Adrio and Arnold L. Demain
Neol Biosolutions SA, BIC Granada, Granada 18016, Spain.
Microbial enzymes are of great importance in the development of industrial bioprocesses. Current applications are focused on many different markets including pulp and paper, leather, detergents and textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemical, food and beverages, biofuels, animal feed and personal care, among others. Today there is a need for new, improved or/and more versatile enzymes in order to develop more novel, sustainable and economically competitive production processes. Microbial diversity and modern molecular techniques, such as metagenomics and genomics, are being used to discover new microbial enzymes whose catalytic properties can be improved/modified by different strategies based on rational, semi-rational and random directed evolution. Most industrial enzymes are recombinant forms produced in bacteria and fungi.
Keywoards: biocatalysis; industrial enzymes; microbial hosts; protein engineering.