Marine Microbial Enzymes: Current Status and Future Prospects
Agency for Science, Technology and Research, p53 Laboratory, 8A Biomedical Grove, #06-04/05 Neuros-Immunos, 138648, Singapore, Singapore.
Due to unique metabolic capabilities the marine microorganisms are excellent natural resource for screening of novel molecules. Marine microbial enzymes are of special interest for their distinct habitat-related features. Published literatures agree with potential biotechnological, biomedical and industrial applications of several marine microbial enzymes. These enzymes attracted substantial attention for their novel chemical and stereochemical characteristics that may be exploited in chemical or pharmaceutical synthesis. A couple of marine microbial enzymes are already being used for industrial and pharmaceutical purposes. Marine biotechnology research is boosted by recent development of several molecular biology and bioinformatics tools. Study of marine microbial enzymes is now focused on multiple directions including screening, recombinant production, characterization and structure analysis of enzymes, and optimization of process parameters for their systematic and inexpensive production. Published literatures suggest potential applications of marine microbial enzymes in wide range of industries but more focused application-oriented research is essential for exploitation of their full biotechnological potential.