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Carbohydrate Polymers
Volume 247, 2020, 116729

Digestion kinetics of low, intermediate and highly branched maltodextrins produced from gelatinized starches with various microbial glycogen branching enzymes

Xuewen Zhanga, Hans Leemhuisa,b, Marc J.E.C.van der Maarela

Department of Bioproduct Engineering, Engineering and Technology Institute Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen 9747 AG, Netherlands.

Abstract

Twenty-four branched maltodextrins were synthesized from eight starches using three thermostable microbial glycogen branching enzymes. The maltodextrins have a degree of branching (DB) ranging from 5 % to 13 %. This range of products allows us to explore the effect of DB on the digestibility, which was quantified under conditions that mimic the digestion process in the small intestine. The rate and extent of digestibility were analyzed using the logarithm of the slope method, revealing that the branched maltodextrins consist of a rapidly and slowly digestible fraction. The amount of slowly digestible maltodextrin increases with an increasing DB. Surprisingly, above 10 % branching the fraction of slowly digestible maltodextrin remains constant. Nevertheless, the rate of digestion of the slowly digestible fraction was found to decline with increasing DB and shorter average internal chain length. These observations increase the understanding of the structural factors important for the digestion rate of branched maltodextrins.

Keywords: Glycogen branching enzyme, Branched maltodextrin, Structural characterization, Digestion, LOS plot.

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