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Chemical Engineering Science
Volume 238, 2021, 116610

Bio-cement production using microbially induced calcite precipitation (MICP) method: A review

Kbrom AlebelGebrua, Tekleweyni Gebremicael Kidanemariama, Haile Kidane Gebretinsaeb

Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering and Technology, Adigrat University, Tigray, Ethiopia.


To meet the demands of highly developing construction distribution over the world, the production of more amount of cement is mandatory. But, the production process of cement is highly energy consumable, environmentally unsafe, and forms crack. These issues are basic motivations to introduce new construction biomaterial using the microbially induced calcium carbonate precipitation (MICP) process. It is the production of CaCO3 in the presence of Urea, CaCl2, and Sporosarcina pasteurii bacteria. The bacteria serve as a nucleation site for Ca2+ ion attraction in its cell due to its negative charge and produces urease enzyme to facilitate urea hydrolysis. Properly produced CaCO3 helps to create a strong bond between each soil particle having high unconfined compression strength and low water permeability. In this paper, previous studies related to the production of bio-cement using MICP and factors that affect the process, namely bacteria, pH, cementation solution, injection, and temperature are thoroughly reviewed.

Keywords: Bio-cement, MICP, Sporosarcina pasteurii, Energy consumable, CaCO3.

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