Biotechnology and the bioeconomy—Towards inclusive and sustainable industrial development
Yvonne Lokko, Marc Heijde, Karl Schebesta, Philippe Scholtès, Marc Van Montagu, Mauro Giacca
Programme for Technical Cooperation, United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Vienna International Centre, P.O. Box 300, 1400 Vienna, Austria.
To transform developing and least developing countries into industrialised ones, biotechnology could be deployed along the value chain, to provide support to the development of the bio-based industries in such a way to ensure sustainability of the sector and to reduce negative environmental impacts that might otherwise occur. In agribusiness development, for instance, interventions could start from inputs and agricultural mechanization, modern processing technologies, packaging of perishable products, the promotion of food safety in the processing and regulatory environment; and interventions to improve competitiveness and productivity. Worth over USD 300 billion in revenue, the role of the biotechnology goes beyond industrial growth, since it provides opportunities for progress towards many of the UN sustainable development goals (SDGs). This paper reviews the status of industrial biotechnology as it relates to inclusive and sustainable industrial development.
Keywords: Biobased industry, Biosimilars, Food security, Industrial value chains, Public-private partnerships (PPPs).