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Sustainable Agriculture
2020, Pages 85-136

Molecular mechanism of plant-microbe interactions

Javid Ahmad Parray, NowsheenShameem

Assistant Professor and Head of the Department of Environmental Science, Govt. SAM Degree College, Budgam, India.

Abstract

The decline in soil fertility and plant effectiveness is a major global problem for a growing world population to achieve food security. It is indicated that the improvement of land sanitation can alone increase effectiveness by 10%15% and improve plant productivity by up to 50%60% in combination with efficient plant features. This chapter provides a fundamental knowledge of plant-microbial interactions required to develop new techniques to increase general cultivable efficiency in metagenomics, metatranscriptomics, and metabolomics. In addition, these methods provide tools for defining and choosing the new microbial or genetic resources that can be used for enhanced energy efficiency in transgenic and hybrid plant techniques. Interactions between plants and microbes are an important part of our world. In this chapter, we are presenting recent results on trends and techniques in the areas of interaction with plant microbes and applications in promoting plant growth, and production of bio-control and bioactive compounds. The role of plant microbiome and resilience against stresses is also documented along with the implications. In the last sections, special attention is given to the role of metabolome flux and agricultural produce, and methodology opted for co-inoculation of microbial consortias.

Keywords:Microbe-plant interaction; Agricultural production; Stress; Plant metabolites; Mechanism.

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