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Chemistry and Biodiversity
Vol. 7, No: 9, 2010, Pages: 2261 - 80


A survey of phytotoxic microbial and plant metabolites as potential natural products for pest management

Schrader KK, Andolfi A, Cantrell CL, Cimmino A, Duke SO, Osbrink W, Wedge DE, Evidente A

Natural Products Utilization Research Unit, U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, University, MS 38677, USA.

Abstract

Phytotoxic microbial metabolites produced by certain phytopathogenic fungi and bacteria, and a group of phytotoxic plant metabolites including Amaryllidacea alkaloids and some derivatives of these compounds were evaluated for algicide, bactericide, insecticide, fungicide, and herbicide activities in order to discover natural compounds for potential use in the management and control of several important agricultural and household structural pests. Among the various compounds evaluated: i) ophiobolin A was found to be the most promising for potential use as a selective algicide; ii) ungeremine was discovered to be bactericidal against certain species of fish pathogenic bacteria; iii) cycasin caused significant mortality in termites; iv) cavoxin, ophiobolin A, and sphaeropsidin A were most active towards species of plant pathogenic fungi; and v) lycorine and some of its analogues (1-O-acetyllycorine and lycorine chlorohydrate) were highly phytotoxic in the herbicide bioassay. Our results further demonstrated that plants and microbes can provide a diverse and natural source of compounds with potential use as pesticides.

Keywords:Phytotoxic microbial metabolites,Amaryllidacea alkaloids,acetyllycorine and lycorine chlorohydrate.


 

 
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