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International Journal of Food Microbiology
Vol. 185, 20
14, Pages: 7–16

Monitoring psychrotrophic lactic acid bacteria contamination in a ready-to-eat vegetable salad production environment

Vasileios Pothakos, Cindy Snauwaert, Paul De Vos, Geert Huys, Frank Devlieghere

School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.


A study monitoring lactic acid bacteria contamination was conducted in a company producing fresh, minimally processed, packaged and ready-to-eat (RTE) vegetable salads (stored at 4 °C) in order to investigate the reason for high psychrotrophic LAB levels in the products at the end of shelf-life. Initially, high microbial counts exceeding the established psychrotrophic thresholds (> 107–108 CFU/g) and spoilage manifestations before the end of the shelf-life (7 days) occurred in products containing an assortment of sliced and diced vegetables, but within a one year period these spoilage defects became prevalent in the entire processing plant. Environmental sampling and microbiological analyses of the raw materials and final products throughout the manufacturing process highlighted the presence of high numbers of Leuconostoc spp. in halved and unseeded, fresh sweet bell peppers provided by the supplier. A combination of two DNA fingerprinting techniques facilitated the assessment of the species diversity of LAB present in the processing environment along with the critical point of their introduction in the production facility. Probably through air mediation and surface adhesion, mainly members of the strictly psychrotrophic species Leuconostoc gelidum subsp. gasicomitatum and L. gelidum subsp. gelidum were responsible for the cross-contamination of every vegetable handled within the plant.

Keywords: Source tracking; Vegetable salads; Psychrotrophic LAB; Leuconostoc gelidum subsp. gasicomitatum; Spoilage.

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