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Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Vol. 94, No. 15, 2014, Pages: 30793089

Microbes versus microbes: control of pathogens in the food chain

Kieran Jordan, Marion Dalmasso, Juergen Zentek, Anneluise Mader,Geert Bruggeman, John Wallace, Dario De Medici, Alfonsina Fiore, Estella Prukner-Radovcic, Maja Lukac, Lars Axelsson, Askild Holck, Hanne Ingmer and Mindaugas Malakauskas

Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co., Cork, Ireland.

Abstract

Foodborne illness continues as a considerable threat to public health. Despite improved hygiene management systems and increased regulation, pathogenic bacteria still contaminate food, causing sporadic cases of illness and disease outbreaks worldwide. For many centuries, microbial antagonism has been used in food processing to improve food safety. An understanding of the mode of action of this microbial antagonism has been gained in recent years and potential applications in food and feed safety are now being explored. This review focuses on the potential opportunities presented, and the limitations, of using microbial antagonism as a biocontrol mechanism to reduce contamination along the food chain; including animal feed as its first link.

Keywoards: microbial antagonism; food/feed chain; food safety; bacteriophage; bacteriocins; biocontrol; probiotics; prebiotics


 
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