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Food Control
Vol. 84, 2018, Pages: 8-16

Isolation and identification of gas-producing spoilage microbes in fermented broad bean paste

Chengtuo Niu, Zihao Fan, Feiyun Zheng, Yongxian Li, Chunfeng Liu, Jinjing Wang, Qi Li

Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122, China.

Abstract

This study aimed to isolate and identify the spoilage microbes which could produce gas in fermented broad bean paste and to provide an effective method to restrain their growth in media. The gas-producing spoilage microbe was isolated in anaerobic condition and identified as Bacillus licheniformis FHYM 8. B. licheniformis FHYM 8 was resistant to high temperature, low pH and high salinity condition since it could survive after treatment at 100 °C for 10 min and when the pH value was as low as pH3.8. The inhibitory salinity for B. licheniformis FHYM 8 was 15% in aerobic condition while 11% of salinity could completely inhibit its growth in anaerobic condition. Interestingly, B. licheniformis FHYM 8 showed the ability to produce gas when the broad bean paste was sterilized at 66°C while no gas was produced when B. licheniformis FHYM 8 was inoculated in broad bean paste after the heat treatment process, indicating that heat treatment was the necessary step for B. licheniformisFHYM 8 to produce CO2 in broad bean paste. The inhibition analysis showed that nisin with a minimal inhibitory concentration of 0.02 mg mL-1 was efficient in inhibiting the growth of B. licheniformis FHYM 8 in MRS media when the salinity was 8%. This will provide guidance to broad bean paste manufacturers to further adopt efficient strategies to inhibit the growth of gas-producing microbe in broad bean paste.

Keywords: Bacillus licheniformis FHYM 8, Broad bean paste, Gas-producing spoilage microbe, Heat treatment, Minimum inhibitory concentration.

 
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