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Journal of Food Science
Vol. 79, No. 10, 20
14, Pages: M2072–M2080

Growth Characteristics and Biofilm Formation of Various Spoilage Bacteria Isolated from Fresh Produce

Young-Min Bae, Ling Zheng, Jeong-Eun Hyun, Kyu-Seok Jung, Sunggi Heu and Sun-Young Lee



This study investigated the characteristics of spoilage bacteria isolated from fresh produce including growth at various temperatures, biofilm formation, cell hydrophobicity, and colony spreading. The number of spoilage bacteria present when stored at 35 °C was significantly greater than when stored at lower temperatures, and maximum population size was achieved after 10 h. However, Bacillus pumilus, Dickeya zeae, Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. Carotovorum Pcc21, and Bacillus pumilus (RDA-R) did not grow at the storage temperature of 5°C. The biofilm formation by Clavibacter michiganensis, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, and A. calcoaceticus (RDA-R) are higher than other spoilage bacteria. Biofilm formation showed low correlation between hydrophobicity, and no significant correlation with colony spreading. These results might be used for developing safe storage guidelines for fresh produce at various storage temperatures, and could be basic information on the growth characteristics and biofilm formation properties of spoilage bacteria from fresh produce.

Keywords: biofilm; hydrophobicity; growth; spoilage bacteria; temperature.

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