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International Journal of Food Microbiology
Vol. 219, 2016, Pages: 28–37

FoodMicrobionet: A database for the visualisation and exploration of food bacterial communities based on network analysis

Eugenio Parente, Luca Cocolin, Francesca De Filippis, Teresa Zotta, Ilario Ferrocino, Orla O'Sullivan, Erasmo Neviani, Maria De Angelis, Paul D. Cotter, Danilo Ercolini

Dipartimento di Scienze, Università degli Studi della Basilicata, Potenza, Italy.

Abstract

Amplicon targeted high-throughput sequencing has become a popular tool for the culture-independent analysis of microbial communities. Although the data obtained with this approach are portable and the number of sequences available in public databases is increasing, no tool has been developed yet for the analysis and presentation of data obtained in different studies. This work describes an approach for the development of a database for the rapid exploration and analysis of data on food microbial communities. Data from seventeen studies investigating the structure of bacterial communities in dairy, meat, sourdough and fermented vegetable products, obtained by 16S rRNA gene targeted high-throughput sequencing, were collated and analysed using Gephi, a network analysis software. The resulting database, which we named FoodMicrobionet, was used to analyse nodes and network properties and to build an interactive web-based visualisation. The latter allows the visual exploration of the relationships between Operational Taxonomic Units (OTUs) and samples and the identification of core- and sample-specific bacterial communities. It also provides additional search tools and hyperlinks for the rapid selection of food groups and OTUs and for rapid access to external resources (NCBI taxonomy, digital versions of the original articles). Microbial interaction network analysis was carried out using CoNet on datasets extracted from FoodMicrobionet: the complexity of interaction networks was much lower than that found for other bacterial communities (human microbiome, soil and other environments). This may reflect both a bias in the dataset (which was dominated by fermented foods and starter cultures) and the lower complexity of food bacterial communities.

Keywords: Food bacterial communities; Network analysis; 16S rRNA amplicon-based high-throughput sequencing.

 
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