Mapping enzyme-substrate interactions: its potential to study the mechanism of enzymes
Sergi Rodaa, Gerard Santiagoa, Victor Guallara,b
Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), Barcelona, Spain.
With the increase of the need to use more sustainable processes for the industry in our society, the modeling of enzymes has become crucial to fully comprehend their mechanism of action and use this knowledge to enhance and design their properties. A lot of methods to study enzymes computationally exist and they have been classified on sequence-based, structure-based, and the more new artificial intelligence-based ones. Albeit the abundance of methods to help predict the function of an enzyme, molecular modeling is crucial when trying to understand the enzyme mechanism, as they aim to correlate atomistic information with experimental data. Among them, methods that simulate the system dynamics at a molecular mechanics level of theory (classical force fields) have shown to offer a comprehensive study. In this book chapter, we will analyze these techniques, emphasizing the importance of precise modeling of enzyme-substrate interactions. In the end, a brief explanation of the transference of the information from research studies to the industry is given accompanied with two examples of family enzymes where their modeling has helped their exploitation.
Keywords: Enzymology, Computational chemistry, Enzyme engineering, Protein dynamics, PELE, Enzyme-substrate, Molecular modeling.