Using Ochrobactrum thiophenivorans and Sphingomonas melonis for bioremediation of Imidacloprid
Gokhan Onder Erguvena, Ulas Demircib
Munzur University, Tunceli Vocational School, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Process Technologies, Laboratory Technology Pr, Tunceli, Turkey.
To solve the environmental problems of the pesticides, bioremediation methods are commonly useful for their environment friendly properties. These methods are more cheap, useful and have more advantages for remediate receiving environments In this study, imidacloprid which is one of the selective insecticide in all over the world is chosenfor bioremediation studies with two soil bacteria. The imidacloprid used in the Mediterranean climate for cotton, pistachios, tomatoes, peppers and eggplant cultivation. The bioremediation of this insecticide was investigated via the performance of O.thiophenivorans and S. melonis in agitated culture media. The agricultural soil used for the isolation of these two bacteria was taken from the cotton cultivated agricultural area in Adana province in Turkey. For this purpose, the isolated and enriched bacteria were added to the recommended insecticide concentrations, and the Imidacloprid active material, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD5), Total Organic Carbon (TOC), pH and dissolved oxygen (DO) parameters were determined for two weeks on each day of the study. O. thiophenivorens and S. melonis bioremediate the Imidacloprid insecticide with high efficiency (over 90%). According to these results, it is understood that these bacteria can be preferred in the bioremediation of receiving environments that are contaminated with such pesticides and can be useful for scientists to handle the opposite effects of such persistent organic pollutants and COD, BOD5 and TOC parameters can easily give opinions about decreasing of pesticides like the active materials
Keywords: Imidacloprid; Ochrobactrum thiophenivorans; Sphingomonas melonis; Bioremediation; Active material.