Yousef S. Al-Hafedh, Aftab Alam andAlejandro H. Buschmann
Center of Excellence for Wildlife Research, Natural Resources & Environment Research Institute, King Abdulaziz City for Science & Technology, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Growth, production and biofiltration rates of seaweed, Ulva lactuca were investigated at two stocking densities (3 kg and 6 kg m−2) and two effluent flow rates (5.4 and 10.8 m3 day−1) to optimize an integrated mariculture system at Saudi Red Sea coast. effluents from fish-rearing tank, stocked with 200 kg fish (Oreochromis spilurus), fed to six seaweed tanks via sedimentation tank. Fish growth (weight gain 1.75 g fish day−1), net production (NP, 10.16 kg m−3) and survival (94.24%) were within acceptable limits. Ulva showed significantly higher (F = 62.62, d.f. 3, 35; P < 0.0001) specific growth rates at lower density compared with higher density and under high flow versus low flow (SGR = 5.78% vs. 2.55% at lower flow and 10.60% vs. 6.26% at higher flow). Biomass yield of Ulva at low- and high-stocking densities (111.11 and 83.2 g wet wt m−2 day−1, respectively) at low flow and (267.44 and 244.19 g wet wt m−2 day−1, respectively) at high flow show that high flow rate and lower density favoured growth. Removal rates of total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) (0.26–0.31 g m−2 day−1) and phosphate phosphorus (0.32–0.41 g m−2 day−1) by U. lactuca were not significantly different (F = 1.9, d.f. 3, 59; P = 0.1394 for TAN andF = 0.29, d.f. 3, 59; P = 0.8324 for phosphates) at both the flow rates and stocking densities. Results show that the effluent flow rate has significant impact over the performance of the seaweed than stocking density.