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Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Vol. 132, 2015, Pages: 135–141

Occurrence and characterization of a tetrahedral nucleopolyhedrovirus from Spilarctia obliqua (Walker)

C.M. Senthil Kumar, T.K. Jacob, S. Devasahayam, Sharon DíSilva, J. Jinsha, S. Rajna

Division of Crop Protection, ICAR – Indian Institute of Spices Research, Marikunnu P.O., Kozhikode 673 012, Kerala, India.

Abstract

Spilarctia obliqua Walker (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) is a polyphagous insect pest damaging pulses, oil seeds, cereals, vegetables and medicinal and aromatic plants in India. The pest also infests turmeric and ginger sporadically in Kerala. We observed an epizootic caused by a nucleopolyhedrovirus (NPV) in field populations of the insects in December 2013. The NPV was purified and characterized. The isolate was tetrahedral in shape and belonged to multicapsid NPV. The REN profile of the SpobNPV genome with Pst I, Xho I and HindIII enzymes showed a genome size of 99.1 ± 3.9 kbp. Partialpolh, lef-8 and lef-9 gene sequences of the isolate showed a close relationship with HycuNPV and SpphNPV. Phylogram and K-2-P distances between similar isolates suggested inclusion of the present SpobNPV isolate to group I NPV. The biological activity of the isolate was tested under laboratory conditions against third instar larvae of S. obliqua and the LC50 was 4.37 × 103 OBs/ml occlusion bodies (OBs) per ml. The median survival time (ST50) was 181 h at a dose of 1 × 106 OBs/ml and 167 h at a dose of 1 × 108 OBs/ml. SpobNPV merits further field evaluation as a potential biological control agent of S. obliqua, a serious pest of many agriculturally important crops in the Oriental region.

Graphical abstract

Keywords: Biopesticide; Nucleopolyhedrovirus; Polyhedrin gene; Late expression factor gene; Spilarctia obliqua; Turmeric.

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