Inhibitory mechanism of 6-Pentyl-2H-pyran-2-one secreted by Trichoderma atroviride T2 against Cylindrocarpon destructans
Xin Jina, Liwei Guoa, Baihui Jina, Shusheng Zhua, Xinyue Meia, Jiaqing Wua, Tao Liua, Xiahong Hea,b
State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Bio-Resources in Yunnan, Yunnan Agricultural University, 650201 Kunming, China.
Root rot caused by Cylindrocarpon destructans is one of the most devastating diseases of Panax notoginseng, and Trichoderma species are potential agents for the biocontrol of fungal diseases. Thus, we screened a total of 10 Trichoderma isolates against C. destructans and selected Trichoderma atroviride T2 as an antagonistic strain for further research. 6-Pentyl-2H-pyran-2-one (6PP) was identified as an important active metabolite in the fermentation broth of the strain and exhibited antifungal activity against C. destructans. Transcriptome and metabolome analyses showed that 6PP significantly disturbed the metabolic homeostasis of C. destructans, particularly the metabolism of amino acids. By constructing a gene coexpression network, ECHS1 was identified as the hub gene correlated with 6PP stress. 6PP significantly downregulated the expression of ECHS1 at the transcriptional level and combined with the ECHS1 protein. Autophagy occurred in C. destructans cells under 6PP stress. In conclusion, 6PP may induce autophagy in C. destructans by downregulating ECHS1 at the transcriptional level and inhibiting ECHS1 protein activity. 6PP is a potential candidate for the development of new fungicides against C. destructans.
Keywords: Antifungal activity, Biopesticide, Cylindrocarpon destructans, Trichoderma, 6-Pentyl-2H-pyran-2-one