Home About us MoEF Contact us Sitemap Tamil Website  
About Envis
Whats New
Microorganisms
Research on Microbes
Database
Bibliography
Publications
Library
E-Resources
Microbiology Experts
Events
Online Submission
Access Statistics

Site Visitors

blog tracking


 
International Journal of Research Studies in Biosciences
Vol. 3 (2), 2015, Pages: 1-7

Efficacy of Chitinolyic Enzyme Produced by Some Soil Fungi (Candida Albicans and Aspergillus Fumigatus) in Biological Control of Cattle Ticks

Atef A. Hassan, Noha, H. Oraby and M. A. Rashid

Departments of Mycology and Mycotoxins & Biochemistry Animal Health Research Institute Agricultural Research Center, Egypt.

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to evaluate the use of fungal chitinase enzyme in control of cattle ticks. Fifty soil samples were collected from animal houses at Giza Governorate and examined for mycological contamination. The incidence rates of A.fumigatus and C.albicans were 24 % and 20%, respectively, whereas, other species were also obtained at the rate of 80%. Chitinase enzyme was produced and extracted from cell walls of Candida albicans and Aspergillus fumigates isolates that were recovered from soil and assayed for control of cattle tick's infestation (Boophilus microplus) in comparison with one of the most commonly used arsenical pesticide. These fungi yielded active chitinase enzymes at mean levels of (3.420.02 and 2.350.03 U/ml), which showed the ability to eradicate 90% and 80% of active ticks, respectively. It is concluded that the chitinase enzymes produced by fungal species could be used for biological control of cattle tick infestation to avoid the use of carcinogenic chemical.

Keywords: Candida albicans, A.fumigatus, Chitinase enzyme, Biopesticid, Ectoparasites, Cattle ticks.

 
Copyright © 2005 ENVIS Centre ! All rights reserved
This site is optimized for 1024 x 768 screen resolution