Hydrogen sulfide production by sulfate-reducing bacteria utilizing additives eluted from plastic resins
Daisuke Tsuchida, Yusuke Kajihara, Nobuhiro Shimidzu, Kengo Hamamura, Makoto Nagase
Fukuoka Research Center for Recycling Systems, Fukuoka, Japan.
In the present study it was demonstrated that organic additives eluted from plastic resins could be utilized as substrates by sulfate-reducing bacteria. Two laboratory-scale experiments, a microcosm experiment and a leaching experiment, were conducted using polyvinyl chloride (PVC) as a model plastic resin. In the former experiment, the conversion of sulfate to sulfide was evident in microcosms that received plasticized PVC as the sole carbon source, but not in those that received PVC homopolymer. Additionally, dissolved organic carbon accumulated only in microcosms that received plasticized PVC, indicating that the dissolved organic carbon originated from additives. In the leaching experiment, phenol and bisphenol A were found in the leached solutions. These results suggest that the disposal of waste plastics in inert waste landfills may result in the production of H2S.
Keywords:polyvinyl chloride,microcosms,plastic resins.