Home About us MoEF Contact us Sitemap Tamil Website  
About Envis
Whats New
Microorganisms
Research on Microbes
Database
Bibliography
Publications
Library
E-Resources
Microbiology Experts
Events
Online Submission
Access Statistics

Site Visitors

blog tracking


 
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Volume 97, 2019, Pages: 385-395


Physical, mechanical properties and antimicrobial analysis of a novel CaO·Al2O3 compound reinforced with Al or Ag particles

Seyed Mohammad Amini

Radiation Biology Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Despite the all recent advancements in medicine, infectious diseases continue to be major causes of death worldwide. Developing nanomaterials as preventive and therapeutic agents against infectious diseases has been one of the research priorities in medicine. However, the application of metal nanoparticles as antimicrobial agents is hampered due to environmental and safety concerns. Using green chemistry, researchers can produce biocompatible nanoparticles that have fewer detrimental effects on human health and the environment. Although chemical compounds have been considered as traditional sources for producing nanomaterials, a wide variety of biocompatible plant-derived secondary metabolites have recently been introduced that can be used to synthesize and stabilize metal nanoparticles. These metabolites have shown potent antibacterial effects making them suitable substitutes for the chemical agents in nanoparticle synthesis. This review has focused on the antimicrobial properties of metal nanoparticles synthesized using plant-derived secondary metabolites instead of crude extract. The mechanisms of metal nanoparticles synthesis and antimicrobial activity are also discussed for different phytochemicals and metal nanoparticles. Finally, the evaluation of the toxicity and safety of phytochemicals coated metal nanoparticles has been conducted. I believe that this is the first review on the antimicrobial and other biological properties of metal nanoparticles synthesized or coated utilizing specific plant-derived secondary metabolites.

Keywords: Phytochemicals, Metal nanoparticles synthesis, Antimicrobial activity.

Copyright © 2005 ENVIS Centre ! All rights reserved
This site is optimized for 1024 x 768 screen resolution