How gamma-rays and electron-beam irradiation would affect the antimicrobial activity of differently processed wild mushroom extracts?
M.J. Alves, Â. Fernandes, J.C.M. Barreira, I. Lourenço, D. Fernandes, A. Moura1, A.R. Ribeiro1, J. Salgado1, A. Antonio andI.C.F.R. Ferreira
Centro de Investigação de Montanha (CIMO), ESA, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Bragança, Portugal
The effects of irradiation (gamma-rays and electron-beams), up to 10 kGy, in the antimicrobial activity of mushroom species (Boletus edulis, Hydnum repandum, Macrolepiota procera and Russula delica) differently processed (fresh, dried, freeze) were evaluated.
Methods and Results
Clinical isolates with different resistance profiles from hospitalized patients in Local Health Unit of Mirandela, Northeast of Portugal, were used as target micro-organisms. The mushrooms antimicrobial activity did not suffer significant changes that might compromise applying irradiation as a possible mushroom conservation technology.
Two kGy dose (independently of using gamma-rays or electron-beams) seemed to be the most suitable choice to irradiate mushrooms.
Significance and Impact of the Study
This study provides important results in antimicrobial activity of extracts prepared from irradiated mushroom species.
Keywords: electron-beam irradiation;gamma-irradiation;irradiation technology;multiresistant bacteria;wild mushroom extracts