Effects of compound antimicrobial peptides on the growth performance, antioxidant and immune responses and disease resistance of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus)
Shulin Liua,b, Jun Wanga,b, Yongyong Fenga,b, Qiao Yea,b, Liufa Wenb,c, Guohuan Xud, Jixing Zoua,b
Joint Laboratory of Guangdong Province and Hong Kong Region on Marine Bioresource Conservation and Exploitation, College of Marine Sciences, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China.
In this study, the compound antimicrobial peptides was added to the basic diet to probe its effects on grass carp for 8 weeks. There were 6 groups in our study, including M0 (0 mg/kg) and 5 additional groups: M1 (100 mg/kg), M2 (200 mg/kg), M3 (400 mg/kg), M4 (800 mg/kg) and M5 (1600 mg/kg). The results are as follows: (1) The grass carp's FBW, WGR and SGR in M4 were significantly increased than M0 (p < 0.05). (2) In the hepatopancreas, the amylase activity of M2, M3 and M5 were significant up-regulation than other groups (p < 0.05). (3) The activity of T-AOC in the M3 and M4 was significantly higher compared to the other groups in grass carp hepatopancreas, while MDA was significantly reduced compared to the control group (p < 0.05). The activity of SOD in M5 was significantly increased than the other groups (p < 0.05). (4) The expression of MnSOD (except head kidney), IL8 and TNF-α and IL-1β (except hepatopancreas) were significantly increased (p < 0.05), while TGF-β and were significantly reduced in the hepatopancreas, spleen and head kidney at M3 (p < 0.05), and IL10 were significantly decreased in the hepatopancreas at M3 (p < 0.05). In addition, expression of IL8 and TNF-α were significant down-regulation, whereas TGF-β (expect head kidney) were significant up-regulation in hepatopancreas, spleen and head kidney in M3 after challenge with A. hydrophila. The expression of IL-1β in spleen and head kidney were also down-regulated, whereas IL10 were significantly up-regulated in the hepatopancreas at M3 after challenge with A. hydrophila (p < 0.05). The results of this study showed that grass carp fed a diet supplemented compound antimicrobial peptides was added with 400–800 mg/kg, which could improve the growth performance, antioxidant and digestive capabilities, and could also enhance the expression of immune-related genes and control to A. hydrophila.
Keywords: Antimicrobial peptides, Grass carp, Growth, Antioxidant, Digestion, Immunity.