Analysis of antimicrobial compounds in Cyperus rotundus and
Azadirachta indica against human pathogens
Sangenomics Research Labs, Domlur, Bangalore-560071, India.
Phytochemical are extensively found at different levels in many medicinal plants.
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of
Azadirachta indica and Cyperus rotundus against Staphylococcus aureus,
Streptococcus faecalis, Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli. Plant samples were
collected from Virudhunagar and Ramanathapuram Districts, Tamil Nadu. Crude
extracts of the dried samples were made using solvents such as butanol, ethanol,
methanol, chloroform, propanol, hexane, diethyl ether and aqueous. The
antimicrobial activities of plant extracts were determined by agar well diffusion
method and zone of inhibition was measured. Butanol extract of Azadirachta indica
resulted maximum zone of inhibition against E.coli, S.aureus, and S.faecalis. in
case of Cyperus rotundus ethanol extract against E,coli, butanol extract against
B.subtils, methanol extract against S.aureus and butanol extract against
Streptococcus results maximum zone of inhibition. Further investigation with the
pure compound is required to check the accuracy of the activity which is
responsible for the inhibition.