ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION SYSTEM CENTRE
Microorganisms and Environment Management
(Sponsored by: Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India, New Delhi)
Department of Zoology, University of Madras, Chennai - 600 025

 

1. 'Global Wind Day' - 15th June, 2016

2. 'World Ocean Day' - 8th June, 2016

3. 'World Environment Day' - 5th June, 2016

4. 'International Day of Biodiversity' - 22nd May, 2016

5. Quarterly Brainstorming session for ENVIS Centre-Souther region - 20th May, 2016

6. Newsletter Vol. 14, Issue 1 2016 (Jan. - Mar., 2016)

7. Tamil Newsletter Vol. 14, Issue 1 2016 (Jan. - April., 2016) in Press

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          Microorganisms have flourished on the earth for at least 3.8 Ga (Ga= 109 years) of its 4.5 Ga existence. They formed the first biosphere and continue to carry out a multitude of essential geochemical activities that prepared the Earth for the eventual evolution of macroscopic life. They have a wide taxonomic distribution and comprise of protozoa, algae, fungi, bacteria and viruses. Microorganisms are well associated with all plants and animals and are also responsible for their well being. Due to their interaction with all plant and animals groups and their abundance (in terms of biomass) in virtually all habitats, there has been an upsurge in the interest of research on microorganisms in recent years. Because of theirpotentially high metabolic and growth activities, they play an important role in the microbial loop where it increases food chain efficiency through the utilization of both the very smallest size fractions of particulate organic materials (POM), as well as of dissolved organic matter (DOM) which is usually measured as dissolved organic carbon (DOC).

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